ADHD is a neurological disorder characterized by hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. It usually starts in childhood and may continue into adulthood. It can be a frustrating and challenging condition to live with, but it is treatable. Treatment can improve your focus and self-control, help you manage stress, and reduce your impulsive behavior.
What Is Adhd?
ADHD is a disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention, impulsivity, and/or hyperactivity that interfere with daily functioning. The symptoms must be severe and occur in multiple domains of an individual’s life to warrant a diagnosis.
Children and adolescents with ADHD often face difficulties in school due to disruptive behaviors. They may have trouble studying, completing assignments, and making friends. In addition, they may have difficulty in their social lives and relationships with family members.
In addition to academic challenges, kids with ADHD have trouble adjusting to change and new situations, especially during adolescence when they are developing independence. They may also have problems with sexual development, driving, and peer pressure.
How can you tell if your child has ADHD?
You can ask a doctor to test your child’s attention, concentration, and energy level. If the test is positive, you can get an appointment with a specialist. You can also ask a teacher or counselor to do a special evaluation for you.
If you have a child with ADHD, there are many things you can do at home to help them. For example, you can keep a schedule and set clear rules so your child knows how to follow them. You can also use organizers for homework and school supplies, and you can make sure your child brings home everything necessary to complete their assignments.
Medication is a key part of treating ADHD. Most people who have it take medications called stimulants, which increase the brain chemicals dopamine and norepinephrine. Stimulants are typically prescribed by doctors and are very effective.
Some people with ADHD need to take more than one medication at a time. It can be hard to know which ones to take, so your doctor will help you find the right combination.
Medications can have side effects, so your doctor will monitor you to see how you react. Some drugs, such as antidepressants or atomoxetine, can help control your symptoms but aren’t considered stimulants.
Psychotherapy is another common form of treatment for ADHD. Depending on your needs, your therapist might use behavior therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy or family therapy to help you learn how to control your behavior and deal with the negative thoughts and emotions that may accompany it.
Your therapist might suggest that you attend counseling sessions with other adults who have ADHD. This can help you understand what is happening and how to make healthy choices in the future.
In some cases, your therapist might recommend that you participate in psychotherapy or counseling with a professional who specializes in psychiatric disorders. This may include a psychiatrist or psychologist.
Most of the time, people who have ADHD grow up to be healthy, happy and successful adults. They learn to manage their symptoms, and they can lead fulfilling lives. However, if ADHD symptoms are not treated, they could cause problems throughout your life. These problems might include mood swings, depression, low self-esteem, eating disorders, risk-taking and conflicts with family members or friends.