What is adhd
ADHD, or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, is the most common childhood behavior disorder. The condition is usually diagnosed by a doctor, pediatrician or mental health professional after discussing symptoms at length with the child and his or her family. This includes a medical and social history of the child, observations, and psychoeducational testing.
The cause of ADHD is not fully understood, but some things are thought to be linked to the disorder. These include genetics, brain differences in some people with ADHD, and other conditions that may increase a person’s risk of developing the condition. Low birth weight, premature birth, and exposure to toxins during pregnancy also have been linked to the condition.
Symptoms of ADHD typically start before the child is 12 years old. It can be difficult to diagnose the disorder in children because they are still learning how to focus, and there are many other issues that can cause the same or similar symptoms.
A medical doctor, a psychologist or psychiatrist can diagnose the disorder by looking at a patient’s behaviors and symptoms and by using a series of tests to rule out other conditions that might be causing the same or similar symptoms. A comprehensive evaluation can take up to 6 hours before a diagnosis is confirmed and medication is prescribed.
What is the risk of dying in people with ADHD?
According to a large Danish study published in the Lancet, people with ADHD have an increased risk of early death. This is because they are more likely to be in accidents than those who don’t have the condition.
Doesn’t pay close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in school or job tasks. This can lead to failure in school or work, but it can also lead to anxiety and depression.
Has problems staying focused on tasks or activities, such as during lectures, conversations and long readings. This can also result in blurting out an unrelated thought, interrupting a teacher or other person talking, and taking impulsive action.
These behaviors are often hard to ignore, and can cause frustration and anxiety for those who have ADHD. They can also affect relationships and social life.
The disorder also increases the risk of substance abuse and impulsive behavior. This is because the frontal lobe of the brain, which controls impulses and emotions, is often affected in individuals with ADHD. They are more likely to use drugs and alcohol, and they are less likely to quit when they begin using them.
Adults with ADHD are more likely to have other psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression than are those without the disorder. A diagnosis of ADHD is often followed by a separate psychiatric or psychological diagnosis to identify and treat the comorbid conditions.
Medication, if needed, can help reduce or eliminate symptoms in most adults. Depending on the individual’s unique symptoms, medications can improve function and quality of life, leading to improved self-esteem and reduced anxiety and depression. Medication can be prescribed alone, or along with a combination of treatments such as cognitive behavioral therapy and psychosocial interventions.