ADHD is a disorder that causes people to be hyperactive, inattentive or both. The condition can be treated with medication and other strategies.
Symptoms of adhd are not always noticeable, so it can be difficult to know whether your child has ADHD. In most cases, a pediatrician or child psychiatrist will diagnose the disorder with help from a detailed history of behavior and testing.
Children and teens who have ADHD may have difficulty with attention, organizational skills or impulsive behavior. These symptoms can impact the child’s ability to focus on schoolwork, pay attention to social cues or interact with others in a positive way.
There are three main types of ADHD: primarily inattentive, primarily hyperactive-impulsive and combined. Those with primarily inattentive ADHD have problems paying attention, making careless mistakes or following through on instructions.
They often have trouble listening to others and may interrupt or talk too much in conversations. They may also be impatient or unable to sit still for long periods of time.
The onset of the condition usually occurs before age 12 but can continue into adulthood. In fact, it’s common for a person to have mild to severe symptoms into his or her thirties or forties.
Women often have different symptoms than men, and are more likely to be diagnosed with a different type of ADHD. These differences can lead to misdiagnoses and misunderstandings between doctors.
Males and females have different ways of coping with the condition, too. For example, boys are more likely to be impulsive, while girls tend to be more inattentive.
Some people with ADHD have a higher risk of developing other mental health issues, including anxiety or depression. This is why it’s important to seek help when you notice symptoms of ADHD in yourself or your children.
Behavioral coaching, individual therapy, self-help groups and vocational counseling can be effective in treating ADHD in adults. They can help individuals control impulsive behaviors, manage their time and money, get organized, boost productivity at home and work, and communicate more effectively.
In many cases, the condition can be controlled without medication, but there are times when medications can be beneficial. Medication can be used to treat both inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive ADHD.
Medication can also help those with a mixed diagnosis of ADHD and other disorders such as depression or anxiety. Psychiatrists can prescribe a combination of medications to address both conditions at the same time.
The most effective treatments for ADHD are those that combine medication with other strategies, such as behavioral coaching and a psychoeducational program. A team of professionals, including the person with ADHD and his or her family members, can help you overcome your symptoms.
You may also want to consult with your GP, who can recommend other options for you and your family. Your doctor can suggest a combination of treatment methods and refer you to an experienced provider in your area.
It’s important to remember that ADHD is a chronic condition, and it may take a while to find the right treatment. The sooner you start to manage your symptoms, the better your chances of getting through the day and achieving your goals.
13 people, aged 18-25 talk about what it’s like to live with a mental health problem, and what helps them cope.
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