What is ADHD?

what is adhd

What is adhd

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects about one in every six children. It’s a common mental health condition that can cause problems for kids at school, at home and in their relationships with others.


A doctor or other qualified mental health professional usually makes a diagnosis of ADHD by looking at your child’s symptoms and observations, using checklists and rating scales. They may also do a physical exam to check for other health problems that might be causing the same symptoms.

Symptoms of ADHD vary with each person, but they tend to include problems paying attention, being impulsive or having problems organizing. Symptoms of ADHD can be classified into three subtypes, as well as being more severe or less severe throughout life.

Primarily Hyperactive-Impulsive Type

People who have this type of ADHD are hyperactive, impulsive and act without thinking about what they are doing. They are often unable to sit still or follow instructions; they fidget or squirm; they talk excessively and interrupt people.

They may act in ways that could be dangerous or harmful to themselves or others. They may push, grab or scream when they get angry. They may act out in inappropriate ways with friends or family.

Does not pay attention to details in school or work tasks; is careless with things like notes, books, papers or tools; can’t finish assignments or activities. They might leave their homework unfinished or forget to pick up school materials at home.

Have trouble concentrating on things that require continuous focus, such as reading or working on a project; have difficulty staying on task or finishing projects on time; can’t complete tasks that don’t involve high-stimulating or rewarding activities.

Sometimes forgets to take medication or doesn’t take medications properly; may have trouble remembering what is going on around them. This could be because they’re not used to the medication or they haven’t taken it regularly enough.

Can’t keep track of their own schedule or routines; have problems putting things in order and following rules for behavior; have trouble keeping up with their siblings, parents or teachers.

This type of ADHD is a little different than hyperactive-impulsive because they are more inattentive. They don’t get as much energy as the hyperactive-impulsive type, but they are still impulsive and have difficulty staying focused on their work or activities.

They might forget to bring their lunch, or they might have trouble making appointments with family members or teachers. This type of ADHD is more serious than the primarily hyperactive-impulsive type and needs treatment.

Other types of ADHD

Some other conditions can have similar symptoms to ADHD and should be treated along with ADHD, such as learning problems, oppositional defiant disorder or mood and anxiety disorders. They may need medicine, behavioral therapy or counseling to help them develop social skills and self-control.

The most important thing you can do is to seek treatment early in order to manage your symptoms and improve your quality of life. It will be a challenge, but it can be worth it.

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